Analyze the three major problems facing the domestic energy-saving lamp industry

According to customs statistics, from January to October in 2011, Ningbo Port exported a total of 630 million energy-saving lamps, a decrease of 6.4% from the same period of last year (the same below) and a value of US$600 million, an increase of 6%. The main features are as follows:

First, exports are dominated by general trade, and processing trade exports have doubled. From January to October, Ningbo Port exported 600 million energy-saving lamps by general trade, a decrease of 9.7%, accounting for 95.3% of total exports. In the same period, the processing trade mode exported 27.05 million energy-saving lamps, an increase of 2.8 times.

Second, the EU continues to maintain its position as the largest export market, and its exports to the United States have risen against the trend. From January to October, Ningbo port exported 96.19 million energy-saving lamps to the EU, a decrease of 27.8%, accounting for 15.4% of the total exports of energy-saving lamps during the same period, and continued to maintain the first export market of energy-saving lamps at Ningbo Port. During the same period, exports to Brazil and the United States were 69.94 million and 61.70 million, respectively, a decrease of 32.4% and an increase of 7.5%.

Third, private enterprises and foreign-invested enterprises are the main exporters. From January to October, private enterprises in Ningbo Port exported 410 million energy-saving lamps, an increase of 9.3%; foreign-invested enterprises exported 140 million, a decrease of 15.2%, which together accounted for 88.5% of the total exports of energy-saving lamps during the same period.

Energy saving is the future trend of the global lighting industry. In recent years, the European Union, Russia, Japan, Australia, Canada, South Korea, and the United States have introduced measures to phase out traditional high-energy products such as incandescent lamps in order to popularize and promote energy-saving lamps. From September 1, 2011, the European Union has banned the sale of incandescent tungsten bulbs of 60 watts. According to the European Commission Regulations, all non-indicative luminaires must comply with the minimum energy efficiency requirements. Traditional incandescent light bulbs can no longer comply with these regulations and must be gradually banned. Mexico's lighting energy saving plan has been implemented nationwide since August 1, 2011. It will replace incandescent lamps with energy-saving lamps in the next two years. The required 22.9 million energy-saving lamps will be imported from China this year. In order to save electricity, Argentina had passed a law as early as 2008, which stipulated that from June 1, 2011 onwards, there will be a total ban on the sale of incandescent bulbs of more than 25 watts in the territory of Azerbaijan. It will be replaced by compact fluorescent lamps commonly known as energy-saving lamps. LED lights and other light sources. The trend of energy-saving in the lighting industry has brought huge business opportunities to China's export of energy-saving lamps.

However, the current domestic energy-saving lamp industry faces the following issues:

First, due to the impact of raw material prices and exchange rates, corporate profits have shrunk dramatically. This year, affected by the integration of rare earth industries in China, the price of rare earths has increased five or six times in half a year. This has directly caused the price of phosphors as its main raw material to rise. It is understood that the price quoted by the phosphor factory has reached 3,300 per kilogram. Yuan, compared with 330 yuan/kg in early March of this year, phosphor prices have risen tenfold in less than six months. In addition, on October 11th this year, the US Senate passed the "Currency and Exchange Rate Supervision Reform Act of 2011" which aims to force the appreciation of the renminbi against the US dollar. Affected by the adoption of the bill by the US Senate, the exchange rate of the RMB against the US dollar has been drastically lowered, once falling to a low limit. This has caused a serious impact on the development of China's energy-saving lamp industry, forcing some SMEs to choose to wait and see or not take orders in order to avoid trade risks.

Second, technical barriers continue to build and restrict exports. The EU, the United States and other places frequently publish various technologies and certification standards, raising the market. Among them, the European Union implemented the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE), the Directive on the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (RoHS), and the Ecological Product Design Framework Directive (EuP). The impact is most prominent. It imposes strict regulations on hazardous substances, chemical management, and recycling of waste electrical and electronic products. It sets a high threshold for product export in terms of product safety, design, materials, and processes. Among them, the European Union imposes higher requirements on LED products for energy-saving lamps. In addition to the above three major directives, it must also comply with the EU's low-voltage directive and electromagnetic compatibility directive. In addition, 37 countries and regions such as the United States, the European Union, Japan, Brazil, South Korea, and Thailand have successively implemented energy efficiency labeling systems, and lighting products are within the scope of energy efficiency standards and technical requirements.

Third, there are still defects in the recycling of energy-saving lamps, resulting in high environmental pressure. The energy-saving lamp contains mercury. If the lamp is broken after being handled improperly, the mercury will be scattered into the air and pollute the environment. What is worrying is that since the boiling point of mercury is very low, it can be evaporated at room temperature and discarded. After the energy-saving lamp is broken, it immediately emits mercury vapor to the surroundings, instantaneously allowing the concentration of mercury in the surrounding air to reach 10-20 milligrams per cubic meter, while the national maximum allowable concentration of mercury in the air is 0.01 milligrams per cubic meter. . The mercury-containing glass fragments have serious pollution to the soil and water sources. Once the mercury that enters the human body exceeds the standard, it will destroy the human central nervous system, liver, kidney, etc., and endanger human health. Unfortunately, at present, China has not yet recovered the relevant regulations for energy-saving lamps, and there is no uniform recycling operation mode. The hidden dangers of mercury from used energy-saving lamps will continue to “sit”.

To this end, it is recommended to guide enterprises: First, accelerate the pace of product transformation and upgrading, and get rid of the impact of rising costs of raw materials, labor, etc. as soon as possible, develop energy-saving lamps with high added value, and seize the international high-end lighting market; Second, according to the differences of national green lighting technical barriers, Implement the diversification strategy for the export market of lighting fixtures, strive to consolidate and deepen the traditional export market, actively explore and expand the emerging international markets for energy-saving lamps. Third, establish a unified recycling station for energy-saving lamps and avoid the pollution of waste energy-saving lamps to the environment. Fourth, establish a brand. Consciousness, start independent brands, optimize product performance, increase pricing autonomy, take the road of sustainable development with “winning with quality” and “occupation by brands”.

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